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The Coin-Making Process


Over time, coin production techniques have changed. More than two millennia ago, in the Lydian kingdom of antiquity, coins were first produced. The ancient coin process at that time was a very easy minting procedure. First, a coin die set into a solid surface, such as a rock, was there to hold a tiny lump of gold, silver, or copper.

After that, the worker would take a second coin die, set it on, and pound it with a big hammer. Stamping machine manufacturers now use hydraulic coining that presses automatically feed blanks into the equipment to mint modern coins. The press has a maximum capacity of 600 coins per minute while it is operating at full speed.

The Process

Every mint in the world follows a few standard procedures, even though the technology employed to create billions of coins makes the process complex.

Obtaining raw materials

The mining of raw materials is the first step in the minting process. Gold, silver, copper, and other necessary metals are from mines. These mines produce raw metal that is unfit to be useful as currency. Coins that come from circulation and are no longer “machinable” are among these sources. Rather, they come back to the mint to go through recycling into new coins.

Melting, Casting, and Refining

To practically eliminate all impurities, the raw metal go through refining. An alloy consisting of two or more distinct metal types is essential for some coins. After the metal melts, more metals add as specified by the requirements. After the metal reaches the desirable purity or alloy, it is cast into an ingot.


It might take a while and be difficult to roll the ingot to the right thickness. The ingot is rolled between two steel rollers that are hard and are constantly getting closer to one other. Until the ingot rolls into a metal strip with the right thickness for the coin being manufactured, this procedure will repeat again. Furthermore, rolling generates higher-quality coins by softening the metal and altering its molecular structure, which makes it easier to strike.


Rolls of metal that weigh several thousand pounds and measure around thirteen inches broad. The coil of metal is unwound and flattened to eliminate the curvature from the production process. After that, it is run through a device that punches out metal discs with the right thickness and diameter for the coin to create.


Up until now, the metal blanks are in a filthy, hostile atmosphere through a production process. Tiny scrap metal fragments might end up mixed up with the coin blanks. The riddling machine separates the coin blanks that are the correct size from any extraneous material that may have been in the mixture.


The planchets are now ready for striking. They are now clean and soft. Metal stamping machine manufacturers automatically fed into the coining press at a rate of several hundred coins per minute are business-struck coins. Coins ideally for collectors, go manually into the coining press and strike at least twice.

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